German Coal Statistics

By Christian Ankerstjerne

Brown Coal Production

Brown coal production in Germany, 1932-1937, in million tons.
Year Total German production1
1932 123
1933 127
1934 137
1935 147
1936 161
1937 185
Total 880
Brown coal production in Germany and annexed territories, 1938-1944, in million tons. Year starting in March.
Year East of Elbe Central Germany Rhineland Other Total
1938-1939 52.2 87.0 58.9 1.5 199.6
1939-1940 56.6 92.9 60.9 1.2 211.6
1940-1941 61.4 100.6 63.5 1.3 226.8
1941-1942 63.7 104.6 65.5 1.3 235.1
1942-1943 66.4 111.1 70.1 1.3 248.9
1943-1944 68.3 114.7 68.1 1.4 252.5
Total 368.6 610.9 387.0 8.0 1374.5

Black Coal Production

Brown black production in Germany, 1932-1937, in million tons.
Year Total German production1
1932 105
1933 110
1934 125
1935 143
1936 158
1937 185
Total 826
Black coal production in Germany and annexed territories, 1938-1944, in million tons. Year starting in March.
Year Ruhr Aachen Saar Upper Silesia2 Lower Silesia Alsace-Lorraine Other3 Total
1938-1939 126.9 7.6 14.5 26.9 5.5 - 6.1 187.5
1939-1940 129.5 7.2 11.3 44.6 5.3 - 6.9 204.8
1940-1941 129.8 7.3 12.4 86.4 5.1 0.5 6.4 247.9
1941-1942 129.2 7.2 14.7 83.7 4.9 2.4 6.2 248.3
1942-1943 131.2 7.4 15.6 94.0 5.0 5.1 6.2 264.5
1943-1944 125.4 7.3 16.3 100.1 5.1 - 14.7 268.9
Total 772.0 44.0 84.8 435.7 30.9 8.0 46.5 1421.9

Production of Other Coal Types

Production of brownite, pitch coal and anthracite in Germany and annexed territories, 1938-1944, in million tons. Year starting in March.
Year Germany Sudetenland and Austria Total
1938-1939 1.5 11.1 12.6
1939-1940 1.5 22.3 23.8
1940-1941 1.6 24.3 25.9
1941-1942 1.5 24.6 26.1
1942-1943 1.6 29.2 30.8
1943-1944 1.6 32.4 34.0
Total 9.3 143.9 153.2

Coal Production Summary

Summary of coal production, converted to black coal equivalent, 1938-1944, in million tons. Year starting in March.
Year Germany Annexed territories4 Occupied countries Imports5 Total
1938-1939 232.3 8.0 92.5 - 332.8
1939-1940 233.7 34.0 96.9 - 364.6
1940-1941 239.5 76.0 87.3 1.5 404.3
1941-1942 241.5 76.4 89.9 2.9 410.7
1942-1943 250.3 90.1 89.3 2.9 432.6
1943-1944 249.1 98.5 84.7 2.4 434.7
Total 1446.4 383.0 540.6 9.7 2379.7

Coal Consumption

Domestic consumption and exports of all coal types, converted to black coal equivalent, 1938-1944, in million tons. Year starting in March.
Field 1938-1939 1939-1940 1940-1941 1941-1942 1942-1943 1943-1944 Total
Domestic Comsumption
Transportation 23 24 30 31 33 35 176
Utilities 30 32 37 41 45 46 231
Industry 88 94 105 109 110 112 618
Domestic6 48 53 68 65 62 55 351
Subtotal, domestic 189 203 240 246 250 248 1376
Exports
Italy 7 7 12 11 12 7 56
Poland and Russia - 1 6 8 17 16 48
Other7 29 18 22 19 22 26 136
Subtotal, exports 36 26 40 38 51 49 240
Coal mine consumption 26 34 40 42 43 45 230
Total 251 263 320 326 344 342 1846

Notes

  1. Including Saarland from February 1935. Back.
  2. Including Polish Solesia from October 1939. Back.
  3. Including Austria and Sudetenland from October 1938. Back.
  4. Alsace-Lorraine, Czechoslovakia, Austria, and Polish Upper Silesia. Back.
  5. Not available from 1938 to 1940. Back.
  6. Including minor industries. Back.
  7. Including Wehrmacht consumption abroad. Back.

Sources

  1. The United States Strategic Bombing Survey : The Effects of Strategic Bombing on the German War Economy. Overall Economic Effects Division, 1945. 296 p.
  2. 7. Bericht. Berlin, 1938. 1 p.