Barbarossa, 1941

By Christian Ankerstjerne

Armored Order of Battle

Tank Strength

A total of 17 German tank divisions took part in the initial invasion of Russia. On average, each division had 191 tanks, of which 11 were command tanks, but the number varied from 143 tanks of 9. Panzer-Division and 11. Panzer-Division, to 265 tanks of 7. Panzer-Division.

The number of tanks available is not know for Panzer-Abteilung 211, Panzer-Abteilung z.b.V. 40, and Panzer-Abteilung (F) 102.

Compare the number of tanks available for the invasion listed below with the total number of tanks availble to Germany on 1 June 1941:

Total stock of tracked and half-tracked vehicles on 1 June 1941.
Vehicle Stock Notes
Pz Kpfw I 877 Plus 245 in maintenance
15 cm s I G (mot s) 38 -
Panzerjäger I and towed 4,7 cm Pak (t) 202 -
4,7 cm Pak (t) on R35 93 Of which 81 were combat vehicles and 12 were command vehicles.
Ammunition carrier in Pz Kpfw I 51 -
Pz Kpfw II 1074 Plus 45 in maintenance
Flammpanzer II 85 -
Sturmgeschütz III 377 Plus 5 build from soft iron
Pz Kpfw III (3,7) 350 Plus 68 in maintenance
Pz Kpfw III (5) 1090 -
Pz Kpfw IV 572 Plus 41 in maintenance
Pz Kpfw 35 (t) 187 Plus 11 in maintenance
Pz Kpfw 38 (t) 754 Plus 25 in maintenance
kl Pz Bef Wg 141 -
gr Pz Bef Wg 189 -
RK 7 (Sd Kfz 254) 128 -
le Pz Sp Wg 928 Of which 690 with machine gun and 238 with 2 cm Kw K
Tiefl Anh 10 to 336 -
Tiefl Anh 20 to 239 -
kl K Kw (Kfz 620) 214 -
Landwasserschlepper 6 Plus 1 in maintenance
le Zgkw 1 t 6183 Includes le Gep Art Beob Kw and le gep Art Mun Tr Kw
le Zgkw 3 to 2982 Includes m Sch Pz Wg
m Zgkw 5 to 2377 -
m Zgkw 8 to 2819 -
m Zgkw 12 to 803 -
m Zgkw 18 to 478 -
Bridging tank on Pz Kpfw II 1 -
Tank strength of the armored units participating in Barbarossa.
Unit Tank Companies Pz I Pz II Pz 35 (t) Pz 38 (t) Pz III (3,7) Pz III (5) Pz IV Pz Bef 35 (t) Pz Bef 38 (t) Pz Bef Fl Pz Cruiser Tank Mk IV Total
Light Medium
1. Pz. Div. 4 2 - 43 - - - 71 20 - - 11 - - 145
3. Pz. Div. 6 3 - 58 - - 29 81 20 - - 8 - - 196
4. Pz. Div. 6 2 - 44 - - 37 74 20 - - 8 - - 183
6. Pz. Div. 6 3 - 47 155 - - - 20 5 - 8 - - 235
7. Pz. Div. 9 3 - 53 - 167 - - 30 - 7 8 - - 265
8. Pz. Div. 6 3 - 49 - 118 - - 30 - 7 8 - - 212
9. Pz. Div. 4 2 8 32 - - 11 60 20 - - 12 - - 143
10. Pz. Div. 6 3 - 45 - - - 105 20 - - 12 - - 182
11. Pz. Div. 4 3 - 44 - - 24 47 20 - - 8 - - 143
12. Pz. Div. 6 3 40 33 - 109 - - 30 - 8 - - - 220
13. Pz. Div. 4 2 - 45 - - 27 44 20 - - 13 - - 149
14. Pz. Div. 4 2 - 45 - - 15 56 20 - - 11 - - 147
16. Pz. Div. 4 2 - 45 - - 23 48 20 - - 10 - - 146
17. Pz. Div. 6 3 12 44 - - - 106 30 - - 10 - - 202
18. Pz. Div. 6 3 6 50 - - 99 15 36 - - 12 - - 218
19. Pz. Div. 6 3 42 35 - 110 - - 30 - 11 - - - 228
20. Pz. Div. 6 3 44 31 - 121 - - 31 - 2 - - - 229
Pz. Abt. (F) 100 - - - 25 - - 5 - - - 1 42 9 82
Pz. Abt. (F) 101 - - - 25 - - 5 - - - 1 42 - 73
Total 93 45 152 743 155 625 265 707 417 5 35 139 82 9 3398

German Equipment Losses

This table lists the German Army's equipment losses during the first 60 days of combat. It can clearly be seen that losses rose as Soviet defenses improved. Because large-caliber anti-aircraft guns belonged to the Luftwaffe, losses were not recorded by the German Army.

Weapon Initial Stock Ten Days Beginning With Total Of Initial Stock
22 June 02 July 12 July 22 July 1 August 11 August
Infantry Weapons
Pistols 778 400 408 1 814 4 603 3 680 5 005 4 914 20 424 2.6%
Rifles 4 468 700 579 4 229 6 344 5 457 9 029 7 863 33 501 0.7%
M P 38 175 800 368 1 415 1 925 1 478 2 524 2 521 10 231 5.8%
Machine Guns 209 900 342 1 294 1 592 1 831 2 605 2 159 9 823 4.7%
Anti-tank Weapons
Panzerbüchse 38 and 39 28 060 41 114 181 165 258 299 1 058 3.8%
s Pz B 41 178 - 1 2 - 4 5 12 6.7%
3,7 cm Pak 14 580 135 305 271 261 313 308 1 593 10.9%
5 cm Pak 38 1 206 17 38 41 28 17 26 167 13.8%
Anti-aircraft Guns
2 cm Flak 30 and 38 2 115 2 8 18 9 16 9 62 2.9%
Artillery
le Gr W 36 (5 cm) 16 678 34 148 208 165 392 366 1 313 7.9%
s Gr W 34 (8 cm) 12 255 37 76 79 114 217 197 720 5.9%
10 cm Nb W 40 75 - - 1 1 - 4 6 8.0%
15 cm Nb W 41 535 - - 20 18 - 10 48 9.0%
7,5 cm l I G 18 4 293 12 22 70 63 89 103 359 8.4%
15 cm s I G 33 913 4 9 14 21 19 13 80 8.8%
7,5 cm Geb G 36 108 - - - - 1 1 2 1.9%
10,5 cm le F H 16 and 18 7 150 25 45 49 45 42 75 281 3.9%
s 10 cm K 18 762 4 3 6 10 5 3 31 4.1%
15 cm s F H 18 2 926 19 13 39 38 28 40 177 6.0%
15 cm H 39 32 - - - - 2 - 2 6.3%
21 cm Mrs 18 411 - - 2 - 6 5 13 3.2%
Armored Vehicles
Pz Kpfw II 1 068 1 26 16 37 21 4 105 9.8%
Pz Kpfw III (3,7 cm) 327 0 18 8 33 12 3 74 22.6%
Pz Kpfw III (5 cm) 1 177 3 20 21 27 9 1 81 6.9%
Pz Kpfw IV 587 1 19 4 6 6 1 37 6.3%
Stu Gesch III 418 2 4 11 3 5 5 30 7.2%

Sources

  1. Waffen-Verbrauch (22.6. - 20.8.1941). Berlin, 1941. 1 p.
  2. JENTZ, Thomas L. Panzertruppen 1 : The Complete Guide to the Creation & Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force, 1933-1942. Atglen, PA : Schiffer Military History, 1996. 288 p. ISBN 0-88740-915-6.
  3. Waffenamt. Stand: Juni 1941 (Waffen). Berlin : Oberkommando des Heeres, 1941. 84 p.