15 October 1935GermanyFormed in Wünsdorf.
September 1939PolandCombat during Fall Weiß as part of Heeresgruppe Nord.
May 1940BelgiumCombat during Fall Gelb as part of 6. Armee.
June 1940FranceCombat during Fall Rot as part of 6. Armee.
January 1941GermanyParts of 3. Panzer-Division are used to form 5. leichte Division.
June 1941 to December 1941Eastern FrontCombat in Poland and Belarus during Unternehmen Barbarossa as part of Panzergruppe 2.
December 1941UkraineTransferred to the Caucasus region as part of 2. Armee.
January 1942 to June 1944UkraineCombat in Caucasus region, including Kharkov.
August 1944 to December 1944PolandDefensive combat.
January 1945 to March 1945HungaryCombat, including the unsuccessful attempt at relieving the encircled forces at Budapest.
April 1945AustriaRetreats from Hungary into Austria.
May 1945AustriaSurrenders to US forces at Steyr.


Dates Insignia
1939 to 1940
A yellow capital E turned 90 degrees clockwise.
Eastern Front
A yellow inverted Y with two vertical lines to the top right side.
Unternehmen Zitadelle
Three vertical bars parallel to each other, the third being half the height of the other two.


  1. WINDROW, Martin & HOOK, Richard. Men-At-Arms 24 - The Panzer Divisions. Oxford : Osprey Publishing, 1998. 40 p. ISBN 0-85045-434-4.